Best Industrial Leather Sewing Machines
Looking for the best Industrial Leather Sewing Machine that will suit your needs, no matter if you are a working seamstress or a hobbyist who likes taking on big projects? If this is you, you will require something a little more than your average sewing machine, when sewing leather or any other heavy fabric, a heavy duty machine is required.
Here are top 10 best rated heavy duty sewing machines for sale that have received fantastic reviews:
- Janome HD3000 Heavy Duty Mechanical Leather Sewing Machine
- SINGER 4411 Heavy Duty Sewing Machine
- Singer CG590 Commercial Grade Sewing Machine
- Juki DDL-8700 Industrial Straight Stitch Sewing Machine
- Brother CS6000i With 60 Built-In Stitches Machine
- SINGER 9960Quantum Stylist 600-Stitch Computerized Sewing Machine
- SINGER 4423 Heavy Duty Leather Sewing Speed Machine
- SINGER 5532 Heavy Duty Extra-High Sewing Speed Machine
- Manual Leather Sewing Machine Tippmann
Not only to properly stitch but also to ensure the materials will hold together once you are completed with the job. Heavy duty sewing machines have a heavier price tag than your traditional sewing machines, this is because they are specialised sewing machines with features that will enable you to do your leatherwork, or sew the thicker materials such as upholstery with ease and precision as well as handling the lighter and finer materials at the same time
You have to be sure to pick the right machine, right needle and right material in order to get your project to turn out just right, and that can be a very daunting task.
Whether you are a work from home tailor, a commercial factory operator or just an avid crafter who enjoys quilting or sewing the more robust materials that your average sewing machine cannot handle, you will require a heavy duty sewing machine. We have put together a list of some of the best industrial sewing machines on the market for 2017.
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Having a tool that can sew through tough materials such as leather provides more scope for interesting projects. The best models that can sew leather are also, by nature, more durable. This means you can consider a heavy duty machine a long-term investment rather than having to replace it in a couple of years.
The industrial sewing machines are used for stitching various kinds of material and types of clothing or fabric, from dresses to bags to leather garments and shoes.
The industrial sewing machines are not only for the businesses or manufacturing environments, but can also be used by home based business or just the avid crafter who loves quilting or sewing heavy duty materials that your normal sewing machine cannot handle.
So how do you chose the right one for you? The decision will be based on many different factors. You should look at what purpose you use your machine for. These machines are also quite pricey so you want to look at dependability and durability as you do not want to have to replace your machine often. If you are working in a commercial environment then the ability to sew fast will be of the essence, not only that but accuracy and quality.
Although the task of picking the right one for you may seem daunting as there are a lot of different types out there, there are as we said some pertinent factors you will have to take into consideration when deciding which one is best for you, below we outline some of the features that will affect your choice of machine.
Why do you want an industrial leather sewing machine? Are you somebody that likes to do some home crafting, is leather or upholstery fabrics that you often work with? Are you thinking of starting a home based business and use a heavy duty sewing machine to cope with that? Or are you a manufacturer or tailor that is working in a commercial environment? Once you have determined why you want the machine, picking the right one becomes that much easier.
Speed of the Machine
The rate at which the machine can sew is a very important aspect if you are a manufacturer or even a home based entrepreneur doing repairs or making your own designer items. You want something that can not only sew fast but also accurately and with precision. Heavy duty machines often give you higher than average sewing speeds which range from about 1000 stitch per minute machines to as many as 5000. However you have to consider that the thicker the material, the slower your stitch must be to ensure that you do not damage or break your needle. So if you are stitching thick leather or upholstery, you have to be to slow the stitching down to a manageable level. This is done with variable RPM which some of your industrial machines such as the Jukki offer. However if you are not using leather or heavy materials, and are a dress maker, or curtain maker, then having a fast machine can aid you in getting the job done quickly and effortlessly. Great for the home tailor or in a commercial manufacturing environment.
If you are a manufacturer working out of a factory then electricity is not as big an issue as it is for the home based user. Electricity is an expense that can quickly blow your monthly budget if you are not careful and choosing a machine that is going to require a lot of juice is maybe not the wisest decision. There are those machines though that do not require so much, and some are even manual such as the Tippmann, which is self-sufficient.
It is not only the cost of the electricity that you will require to use the machine into consideration here, but also the amount the machine is going to draw. The heavy duty machines will require a lot of voltage so they are not all suitable for home usage, as the output in a standard residential property is not as high as say in a factory. If you are going to get a machine that draws a lot of power, you will also have to get an electrician in to ensure that you can handle that amount of power through your wall sockets. Some machines come with the option of converting their power sources making them suitable for home usage, but this is definitely an aspect that would require some serious consideration when buying your machine.
Generally, these machines are heavy duty so they produce a lot of noise. However, if you intend to use it in a factory or a manufacturing unit, then it wont be an issue, however if you are going to be using this in a residential setting, you will have to be cognisant of the noise levels you are going to generate lest you upset your neighbours. There are some machines on the market that have quiet working motors and of course the manual ones will not create a problem either.
There are two types of motors used by these machines, named clutch motor and servo motor. The clutch motor makes a lot of noise and is used in heavy machines which are ideal for sewing thicker fabrics like leather. These are the machines you will find in factories and other commercial sewing environments, and are not suited to residential areas. There are however a few on the market that have a less noisy operation that can be used in a domestic setting.
The servo motor, on the other hand, is quieter and works well on the fabrics which are light to medium. The machines using servo motors are great for ornamental stitching and they also offer great leniency and range in terms of how fast or slow you need to stitch.
Working Area & Lighting
You must be aware of the working area you are going to require as it will help you choose the correct arm type. For larger materials such as canvases and upholstery you are going to have to get a machine with a long-arm that can easily pass the fabric beneath the needle. Lighting is essential as without good lighting you are not going to be able to sew precision stitching which is necessary if you are going to be doing quilting. For larger volumes that require only straight stitching, lighting is not as essential.
Industrial sewing machines offer a number of unique control features to perform all the basic and advanced functions. So, choose the one with features that are relative to your requirements. Fully automated or computerised machines are great for beginners, the ones that offer RPM control on the faster stitching machines are great for slowing your stitch down for the more precision work you have to do. Make sure you read the manual thoroughly before attempting to sew and get to know what features your machine offers.
These machines have two main feed styles, one with walking foot feed and the other with puller feed. The walking foot feeds are usually found on heavy duty machines and they move up and down to support the feed dog to easily pass the thicker fabrics through the machine. The walking foot style is great as they enable you to sew fabrics that your average sewing machine will not be able to handle. In saying this a lot of the industrial machines do use the puller feed with a normal foot presser. Because the difference between the walking foot and the puller feed with a normal foot presser is not that great, and both the walking foot and puller feed are used in heavy duty machines, the choice is entirely up you your preferences. Although, the walking foot is easier to use when dealing with heavy duty materials.
An industrial machine will have quite a few types, and most of these use between one and seven threads. The most commonly used stitch in industrial machines is the plain stitch, although many will offer a number of different option, some up to 600. The ones that are most commonly used are the loc, chain, overlock, and coverstitch.
The cost of an industrial sewing machine is usually high and most domestic or home based sewers cannot afford to invest in one. However if you are going to start your own business from home, or are somebody that loves crafting and quilting a good heavy duty sewing machine is a necessity. They may be a little more expensive, however due to their construction they are very durable and you will not have to replace them at regular intervals, in fact your machine should last you a lifetime. The reason for the higher cost of the heavy duty machines are that they are specifically designed to accommodate commercial and industrial usage, they have complex parts and designs which add to manufacturing costs of these machines. If you have a lower budget there are some heavy duty machines on the market that will suite your needs. The different designs will determine the cost and the flatbed machines are on the lower price end. If you are a home user, buying the big industrial ones could also not be a benefit to you as they tend to be very noisy and could cause problems in a residential setting.
Types of Industrial Leather Sewing Machines
There are many different types of industrial sewing machines. The various designs have a lot of differing features, each suited to a specific material or manner of sewing. Industrial machines are also designed for constant use and for extended time periods and are therefore more durable than your normal sewing machine. Unlike your average domestic use machines, industrial sewing machine’s gears, connecting rods, housings and body are usually constructed from high-quality metals, such as cast iron or aluminium for durability and heavy usage.
The machine that works well on leather will not necessarily be appropriate for the thinner and more delicate fabrics such as cotton and linen. However there are some that can accommodate both. There are specific machines that are designed for specific purposes, some machines are used for apparel, some for bags and shoes and some for upholstery. The different styles of Industrial Leather Sewing Machines and their differing features will also affect the price you are going to pay. Not only that but some are just not meant to be used in a domestic environment due to electricity demands and noise factors.
This one is the most commonly used type of industrial sewing machines. The machines which are used at home also feature flatbed foot. This machine has its arm and the needle extended to its flat base. This type of machine is on the lower cost end of the scale and is generally used where workers are sewing flat pieces of material, such as dresses and other garments together. It is not suited to the thicker materials or if you are trying to sew a number of different materials together.
The Cylinder-Bed Machine is designed with a narrow, horizontal column and not a flat base. The diameter of these machines can vary from 5 16cm depending on the size of the materials that you are going to be working with. The fabric instead of passing under the foot, passes around and under the column. This type of industrial sewing machine is great for working with leather and is most often used when making saddles and shoes. It also helps for sewing cylindrical pieces of material such as when doing cuffs, sleeves and pant legs.
The Post-Bed type machines feature a vertical columns that hold bobbins, feed dog and loopers. These columns rise up above the flat base of the machine and the height ranges from 10 45cm depending on the machine you choose. These types of industrial sewing machines are generally used for complex stitching and where access to the area is difficult, such as manufacture of boots, gloves and the like as well as affixing emblems to clothes or other items.
This industrial type sewing machine is designed specifically for the commercial environment. For this machine you are required to feed the material through the machine along the axis of its horizontal column. It is a machine that is very limited in its usage and not at all versatile. This type is used for extra heavy and thick materials like shoulder seams.
How Often is the Machine Required to be Tuned Up?
Tuning up of your industrial machine is critical to the proper functioning of the machine. Just like a car needs a service to continue working at its optimal peak, so does your industrial sewing machine. So how do you know when your machine needs a tune up? Well there are different factors which will determine that.
One of the major factors that will determine how frequently you will require a tune up will be how you are using your machine. If the machine is being heavily used as in a manufacturing environment, then it will require tune ups more frequently than if used for domestic or small business purposes. The environment in which your machine is used will also be a contributing factor.
Generally, you are required to tune up your machine once to twice a year, if you are using it regularly and consistently. If you are a moderate user, such as using it only for crafting or quilting, and only in a domestic environment where you work intermittently on projects, then you will only have to go through this expense every year or two. If your usage is not that consistent, then it is difficult to determine what interval will best suite. If that is the case, it would be advisable to ask your tuning technician for what period of time you should wait between tune ups.
Remember that if you have not used your machine in a while and you let it stand idle, you will have to take it for a good tune up before you start sewing with it again. You may have kept it clean and dust free but there are many internal parts that are not easily reachable, and which you will not be able to clean yourself, that may require a technician to cleaning and lubricate for you. If you do not tune your machine before using it after a reasonable lay-off, it may well result in stiffness of machine or thread breakage, and that will cost you a lot more than a simple tune up.
What Causes the Stitches to get Uneven?
Ever noticed while sewing that some of your stitching is longer than the others? Yes, that happens quite often and there are a number of reasons for this. One of the primary reasons could be related to the needle. If you are using one that is not suited to the fabric you are working with, you will find that they are getting more and more uneven, and this could ruin your project and waste your fabric in the process. Then there is the possibility that it could also be the cause of uneven stitching, you will have to ensure that it is in good condition before starting with your project, and also that it is the correct one for the fabric you are working with.
If you find that you are still getting uneven stitching even though you have the right needle and that it is working order, you might find it has been inaccurately inserted into the machine. You must then remove it and reinsert it properly before continuing with your sewing. The amount of pressure you put on the foot presser can also be a cause of uneven stitching if it is not sufficient. In such cases, if you suspect this is the cause of your uneven stitching, you can simply adjust the pressure of the foot presser. Once you have adjusted the pressure, be sure to do a few test runs on a few swatches of the material you are working with to make sure that the problem is fixed.
One of the other common problems that cause uneven stitching is low height of the feed dog. This must be in the upward position at all times. Using the wrong foot for the wrong fabrics can also be a contributing factor to uneven stitching, so make sure that you have the right tools for the right material you are using.
If you find that you are still experiencing uneven stitching after making sure all of the usual suspects are not the cause, then you will have to take your machine to a technician as there is then more than likely a problem with the internal workings.
What do a Leather Sewing Needles Look Like?
There are many different types of sewing machine needles and each is specifically designed to cope with certain materials. You have to be able to determine which needle will be the best to tackle the project you wish to work on. Using a ball-point one for instance to work on leather is just not going to cut it. You have to be able to distinguish between the different ones in order to select best one to use for your specific job.
A leather sewing needle is a specific design to make sewing this very thick hard fabric easier. They can also however be used to sew suede and thick non-woven fabrics. Generally speaking leather needles will be about 80/12 110/18 in size.
So what does a speciality needle look like? Well they have a wedge-shape point, this is to make penetration of the heavy leather, suede, vinyl or faux suede easier. It will also penetrate the thick nonwoven fabrics without tearing them.
Because of its size it is very important to ensure that you stitch accurately. The size of causes it to leave a large permanent hole in the leather or other fabric, so having a stitch where you dont want it will definitely destroy your piece of fabric or leather and you will have to start again from scratch.
Using a leather sewing needles on knit or woven fabrics will destroy them as it has a slight cutting point which is specifically designed for the heavier and more difficult fabrics. With this type you will also have to tie the thread ends, instead of backstitching. This is to prevent perforating the surface of the material you are working with.
It is clear that there are plenty of options when considering which industrial leather sewing machine is the best option for you and that will suite your requirements. Whether you are looking for one that is best for home use to do your crafts and quilting with, or you are starting up your own tailoring business from home, or you are a manager of a large commercial enterprise, there is definitely a machine out there that will meet your needs.